The need to reduce risk and to provide a safe working environment is a fundamental principle of mine action management. Risk reduction involves a combination of safe working practices and operating procedures, effective supervision and control, appropriate education and training, equipment of inherently safe design, and the when applicable provision of effective Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and clothing.
The provision of a safe working environment includes the safe storage, transportation and handling of explosives and explosive materials. This requires appropriate storage facilities, equipment and vehicles to be made available, and for National Mine Action Authorities (NMAA) and demining organisations engaged in demining and Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) operations to develop and maintain appropriate policy and procedures. Where existing national government regulations differ from those contained in IMAS, the more stringent requirement should be met.
This standard provides NMAA and demining organisations with guidance on the safe storage, transportation and handling of explosives and explosive materials both in the operators’ main base and also in the field or temporary base. Specifications for the storage of explosives and safety distances when storing bulk explosives are those provided by the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG). These specifications should not normally be reduced without the advice of a professionally qualified explosives engineer in the form of an explosion consequence analysis (ECA).
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